Вышивка для детей схемы смешарики

Вышивка для детей схемы смешарики
Вышивка для детей схемы смешарики
Вышивка для детей схемы смешарики
Вышивка для детей схемы смешарики

China Brocade evolved from colorful silk fabrics of Song Dynasty. In Yuan Dynasty, Mongolians conquered Central China and the rulers began to decorate their official gowns with gold, which facilitated the development of Brocade with gold and silver weaving as its Main characteristics. It won great favor of feudal kings and aristocrats. Brocade had been designated as tributes to the royal families respectively in Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasty. The rulers of these dynasties set up official fabrics bureau in Nanjing specifically for the administration and monopoly of Brocade Production and marketing. There are mainly four categories in Brocade: Gold Weaving , Ku Silk Fabrics, Ku Brocade Fabrics and Zhuanghua Silk Fabrics that served as materials for emperor robe, queen dress and shawl and official gowns for ministers. The Brocade described as an inch of the silk fabrics equals to an inch of gold by the ancient Chinese is woven by big-size wooden loons 5.6m long, 4m high and 1.4m wide operated by two workers, one above and one below. Up to now this technology hasn't been replaced by Machines yet. At present, China Brocade is planning to apply for the world cultural legacy. Brocade is a class of richly decorative shuttle-woven fabrics, often made in colored silks and with or without gold and silver threads. The name, related to the same root as the word broccoli, comes from Italian broccato meaning embossed cloth, originally past participle of the verb broccare to stud, set with nails, from brocco, small nail, from Latin broccus, projecting, pointed. Brocade is typically woven on a draw loom. It is a supplementary weft technique, that is, the ornamental brocading is produced by a supplementary, non-structural, weft in addition to the standard weft that holds the warp threads together. The purpose of this is to give the appearance that the weave actually was embroidered on. In Guatemala, brocade is the most popular technique used to decorate fabric woven by Maya weavers on backstrap looms. Ornamental features in brocade are emphasized and wrought as additions to the main fabric, sometimes stiffening it, though more frequently producing on its face the effect of low relief. In some, but not all, brocades, these additions present a distinctive appearance on the back of the material where the supplementary weft or floating threads of the brocaded or broached parts hang in loose groups or are clipped away. When the weft is floating on the back, this is known as a continuous brocade; the supplementary weft runs from selvage to selvage. The yarns are cut away in cutwork and broché. Also, a discontinuous brocade is where the supplementary yarn is only woven in the patterned areas. Brocado é um tipo de tecido ricamente decorado, feitos em seda colorida, e com relevos bordados geralmente a ouro ou prata. A palavra brocado , que tem a mesma raiz da palavra brócolis , vem do italiano broccato, particípio do verbo broccare, furar ou perfurar com um brocco, espinho ou pequeno prego , derivado por sua vez do latim broccus, pontudo , que se projeta.1 O brocado costuma ser costurado tipicamente num tear, e utiliza a técnica de trama suplementar, isto é, o brocado ornamental é produzido através de uma trama suplementar, não-estrutural, que é adicionada à trama padrão que mantém juntos os fios do urdume. O propósito desta técnica é dar a aparência de que a costura teria sido bordada, na realidade. Brokát je obchodní označení pro těžkou, bohatě vzorovanou tkaninu, obvykle se třpytivými nitěmi. Tká se v atlasové vazbě, většinou s žakárovým ústrojím z přírodního nebo viskózového hedvábí. Zpravidla se přitkávají nitě s nerezavějícím kovem, například lurex. Vyrábí se však i tkaniny z celostříbrných nebo zlatých osnov, jak je vidět na snímku vpravo dole. Je to druh japonského brokátu zvaný saga-nishiki, u kterého je osnova z proužků japonského papíru povrstveného zlatem nebo stříbrem a útek z přírodního hedvábí. Použití: večerní šaty, nábytkové potahy, (exkluzivní) tapety. Svatyně Ka'ba v Mekce je obalena černým brokátem zvaným kiswa, který se každoročně mění. Jméno pochází od italského broccare -- vyšívat. Tkaniny se dostaly do Evropy ve 13. století pravděpodobně z východní Asie. Brocado aplicado. Técnica ornamental renacentista de origen flamenco cuyo uso tuvo lugar aproximadamente entre 1440 y mediados del siglo XVI. La técnica consiste en aplicar láminas de pan de oro sobre otra de estaño utilizando una plantilla que se graba sobre un soporte rígido. Posteriormente se decora mediante pinturas o lacas. A pesar de ser una técnica de origen chino se conocen varios casos en España como los estudiados en el País Vasco o Navarra.

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